New Article: One Health and Emerging Infectious Diseases: Clinical Perspectives.

Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2012 Sep 11. [Epub ahead of print]

One Health and Emerging Infectious Diseases: Clinical Perspectives.

Source http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22976348

Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 135 College Street, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA, peter.rabinowitz@yale.edu.

Abstract

To date, there has been little articulation of specific One Health clinical activities for veterinary and human health care providers regarding emerging infectious diseases, yet they could play a critical role. Under current clinical paradigms, both human and animal health professionals routinely diagnose and treat zoonotic infectious diseases in their patients, but tend to work in parallel with little cross-professional communication or coordination of care. For this to evolve toward a One Health model, both types of clinicians need to see how individual cases can be “sentinel events” indicating environmental risk for disease emergence, and develop mechanisms of rapid communication about these risks. Human and animal clinicians also need to take a more proactive and preventive approach to zoonotic diseases that includes the occupational health of animal workers in farms, laboratories, veterinary clinics, and other settings, as well as the recognition of increased risk among immunocompromised individuals in contact with animals. This requires training in One Health clinical competencies including the ability to diagnose and treat zoonotic diseases, implement preventive care interventions for individual patients, provide occupational health services for animal workers, recognize sentinel cases, report cases to public heath and clinical colleagues, and assess and help to intervene with environmental factors driving infectious disease risk in humans and animals. To provide an evidence base for such competency training, there is a need for development and testing of innovative protocols for One Health clinical collaborations.

Links among human health, animal health, and ecosystem health.

Annu Rev Public Health. 2013 Mar 18;34:189-204. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031912-114426. Epub 2013 Jan 16.

Links among human health, animal health, and ecosystem health.

Abstract

In the face of growing world human and animal populations and rapid environmental change, the linkages between human, animal, and environmental health are becoming more evident. Because animals and humans have shared risk to health from changing environments, it seems logical to expand the perspective of public health beyond a single species to detect and manage emerging public health threats. Mitigating the effects of climate change, emerging pathogens, toxicant releases, and changes in the built environment requires a retooling of global public health resources and capabilities across multiple species. Furthermore, human and animal health professionals must overcome specific barriers to interprofessional collaboration to implement needed health strategies. This review outlines the relationships between human, animal, and ecosystem health and the public health challenges and opportunities that these links present.

Comparison of human and animal surveillance data for H5N1 influenza A in Egypt 2006-2011.

PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e43851. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043851. Epub 2012 Sep 27.

Comparison of human and animal surveillance data for H5N1 influenza A in Egypt 2006-2011.

New Blog Post at http://humananimalmedicine.blogspot.com/

Find our new blog post at http://humananimalmedicine.blogspot.com/

Visit our new web site at www.humananimalmedicine.org

The Yale Human Animal Medicine Project has a new web site.  You can find it at www.humananimalmedicine.org.

Yale Human Animal Medicine Project Blog

Please visit Yale Human Animal Medicine project Blog at http://humananimalmedicine.blogspot.com/

New MSN article on Pets and Health

New article featuring Dr. Rabinowitz on the Human-Animal connection for health. http://health.msn.com/health-topics/infectious-diseases/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100269193

The Yale Human Animal Medicine Project has a new website and is on Twitter too!

Yale Human Animal Medicine Project has a new website!  You can follow us on Twitter too!

New Article: Informatics, Bioinformatics and Phylogeography

At the Intersection of Public-health Informatics and Bioinformatics: Using Advanced Web Technologies for Phylogeography

Scotch, Matthew

Epidemiology: November 2010 – Volume 21 – Issue 6 – pp 764-768

Summary:  Web 2.0 and the Semantic Web (3.0) provide great opportunities for biomedical informatics research and the development of informatics tools and resources to address problems across the full spectrum of health science research. One example is ZooPhy, an automated workflow for phylogeography. This system may be useful for epidemiologists who conduct surveillance and analysis of zoonotic (animal-human) agents. In addition to genetic, taxonomic, and geographical data, ZooPhy will include traditional public-health data collected by health departments. Through phylogenetics, data-mining, and machine-learning approaches, this system may help epidemiologists better understand the migration of various zoonotic diseases in animal hosts, estimate of the viral population growth within these hosts, and calculate risk to humans within a defined geographic area.

Customized PREDICT Healthmap

As part of the PREDICT project, which strives to build a global early warning system for emerging diseases that move between wildlife and people,  Healthmap has customized a map for news alerts in the global “hotspots” of interest.  View the map at  http://healthmap.org/predict/.

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